Julius Evola was born in Rome in the 19th of May 1898 from a noble sicilian family. Being the main representative of Inner & Esoteric Tradition he left behind a brilliant work, which is followed by a series of books on Buddhism, Hinduism, Yoga and the Eastern Philosophy in general, while at the same time it deepens in hermetic tradition, alchemy and spiritualism. Different paths that lead into the enlightenment. Ancient Traditions that together with Greek, Roman and Northern European Mythology, which he perceives as a sort of pre-history, reach up to the chivalric and the occult narratives of the Middle Age. An aristocratic cultural heritage against the ecumenism of globalisation of the modern era, under the light of Metaphysic, not only with the common etymological+ and philosophical concept of the term ‘‘Beyond physical’’, but also as a ‘‘hyper-psychological and hyper-physiological’’ experience. Perhaps this is what makes Evola’s books a bit obscure for the common reader. What he writes not only has been studied, with the essential meaning that the term study has, but also experienced and vise versa what he writes needs at least to be studied. This point comes to be reinforced by the foundation in 1927, of the Ur group (Gruppo di Ur) by Evola and other Italian intellectual and esotericists of the times. At the same time he publishes the relevant monthly magazine under the same name (Ur, 1927-1928) and in the sequence another monthly issue titled Krur (1929).
His philosophical work, come to complete a series of political books followed also by a spiritual and traditional orientation. Main core of these books consist the trilogy of Revolt Against the Modern World, Men among the Ruins and Ride the Tiger. The above books offer a survival manual to the aristocrats of the soul of modern times that Evola, deeply influenced by Hinduism and the theory of Yuga, perceives as the dark age (Kali Yuga), as the end of this civilisation, as the decline and decomposition.
As he has admitted himself, Evola’s views are shaped by the influence of Plato, of Nietzsche’s theory for the super human, of Otto Weininger and the theory of bipolarity, as well as the metaphysical quest of the absolute, expressed in its tragic way by ╠ichel Staedter. Also essential is the influence of Otto Braun, Meister Eckhart, Oswakd Splengler as well as of the great French intellectual René Guénon.
Evola was not just a scholar. His writings follow a series of poems (Raaga Blanda, 1969) as well as pieces of art, which also influenced the current of Dadaism that he is part of. In 1963, for the first time, an exhibition including all his paintings takes place in gallery ‘‘Medusa’’ in Rome with most of them found today either in private collections or in Galleria Nationale d’ Arte Moderna in the italian capital.
Active moreover was Evola’s intervention in the political circumstances at the time, which was expressed by an opposition both towards the American capitalism and the Bolshevikism of the old Soviet Union. Many, due to his aristocratic views, rushed to judge him with label of the official intellectual of the Fascistic Movement something that was soon rejected by his radical and heretical speech in conjunction with his rebellious announcements. Very shortly his semi-annual issue La Torre (1930) is proclaimed illegal by Mussolini himself. In La Torre, Evola gets into a harsh criticism to the political status of the time, its relationship with the catholic church, the industrial capital and its populist profile to the broad masses. On the other side, properly romantic and particularly spiritual is characterised Evola’s interest to the structure of the inner national socialist cast system, having foreseen the entry on national foreign non-german elements in its ranks, far before the beginning of World War II.
Straight after the fall of Fascism and the Italian capitulation, he moves to the unoccupied Northern part of National Italy, from where he frequently visits Germany and Austria. In March, 1945, while enjoying his daily stroll in the alleys of Vienna, we was seriously wounded during an Allied bombardment, an accident that had as a result to be paralysed from the waist down for the rest 30 years of his life. He returns to Italy in 1948 where he entirely devotes himself to the composition of his auctorial work. Julius Evola physically passed away in the 11th of June 1974. His corse was cremate and his ashes, as he had requested, were deposited on the glaciated peaks of Mountain Rosa so that he could continue there his favorite ascetic exercise of mountaineering.
(+) Greek Root, Meta (╠ň˘▄) = After + Physics